Acne: symptoms, causes and treatments

  • Acne: symptoms, causes and treatments

Acne is a skin condition where the pores are blocked by sebum, bacteria, hair and dead skin cells causing pimples, nodules, blackheads and whiteheads. It can affect men and women of all ages, but it is more common in adolescents and young adults. The estimate shows that around 80% of people aged 11 to 30 are more likely to have a mild form of acne, while others may have a severe condition, but the severity varies from person to person.
Acne is an ongoing condition where pimples and blackheads can be cured with effective treatments, but it continues one after another. It leads to mental stress and emotional wear and tear by causing scarring if left untreated.

Causes of acne

Research shows that acne has become one of the most important problems due to various factors. Genetics, hormonal imbalance and lifestyle cause it. The sebaceous glands produce an excess of oily secretion and the overproduction of sebum favors its appearance. Excessive sebum production, hair follicles blocked by dead cells and oil, inflammation, and bacteria are the four main causes of acne.
Acne appears mainly in areas that have more sebaceous glands: pimples on the face, pimples on the forehead, pimples on the nose, on the chest, pimples on the back and shoulders. The causes that can trigger it are:

• Hormonal changes
Sebaceous glands enlarge during puberty in girls and boys due to increased androgen levels. Hormonal changes can lead to more breakouts and scarring during midlife in women.

According to research, there are foods that cause acne including foods rich in carbohydrates.


There are certain medications that become the cause of acne and trigger it even more. Those that include testosterone, corticosteroids, or lithium are triggers for acne.


Stress is not the main cause of acne, but it can make it worse.


Genetic factors tend to produce thick and sticky sebum which leads to severe acne.

It can be avoided?
Whether we like it or not, acne is part of the life cycle of all human beings, even from the neonatal stage. It appears slightly in some, severely in others, but we cannot avoid its output.


Acne solutions


• Treatment and medication
There are effective drugs to treat acne-prone skin or pimples on the face, the most used and recommended by doctors are benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid. The small amount of these two will gradually improve the skin and reduce it. Benzoyl peroxide removes excess oil and kills harmful bacteria. Pores are prevented from becoming blocked with the help of salicylic acid, which can decrease the chances of breakouts. Other medications such as Aldactone (limits excess hormones) and sulfur (removes dead skin) are used. Antibiotics are even given to kill bacteria in more severe acne conditions.

• With organic cosmetics


An innovative 100% natural and ecological treatment is the use of ozone cosmetics. Sensitive skin with acne is best treated with non-aggressive products made without chemical ingredients. We explain how to start a treatment with natural products to eliminate those pimples on the face with gratifying results:
- Wash your face with ozone soap every morning and before going to bed. The acne-prone face should be washed at least 1-2 times a day with a cleanser that is pH balanced. Cleansers should be gentle because harsh cleansers can further upset the skin by disrupting the skin barrier.

- Next, apply the ozone anti-acne cream day and night to each pimple. Contains olive and sunflower oil that help open the pores of the skin to start disinfecting and prevent scars. The constancy in the use of these natural and ecological products is important so that you notice an improvement in the process of eliminating acne or pimples on the skin.

- Food is also important to combat acne. Reduce foods in your diet such as chocolate, butter, fried foods, meats with a high fat content, drink plenty of water every day and some sport would be the healthiest, most natural and cheapest treatment that you can start today.


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